- Daffodil garlic,
- False garlic,
- Flowering onion,
- Fragrant false garlic,
- Naples onion,
- White garlic
Allium neapolitanum Cirillo
Allium : from the latin word for garlic - neapolitanum : of Naples, Italy
Allium neapolitanum is a perennial bulbous herbaceous plant. The bulbs vary in size from 1 to 2.5 cm in diameter; numerous bulblets are usually present. The leaves are linear to narrowly lanceolate, glaucous, emerging out of the ground in clusters of 2 to 6. The inflorescence is a loose umbel at the tip of a stalk (scape) 20-70 cm tall. Two whitish triangular bracts 1-3 cm long subtend the umbel. The white flowers of 3 sepals and 3 petals are arranged in clusters of 2-6 at the tip of rays 1-7 cm long. The fruits are small obovoid capsules.
Linear, erect, rounded at apex, with a slightly channeled cross-section, margin entire.
Perennial bulbous plant. Aerial parts are upright two-ranked linear leaves, and inflorescence.
Bulb subglobose, 1–2.5 cm diam.; deep in the ground; outer tunic membranous with minute sinuate patterning; bulblets several. Roots are fibrous.
Extremely reduced, at the base of the bulb. The inflorescence axis (scape) is persistent, solitary, more or less three-angled at the base and cylindrical in the upper part, 20-70 cm x 2-7 mm.
The leaves are persistent, simple, alternate, two-ranked and sessile. Lamina is linear, 14-50 cm x 0.5-1.2 cm, with pointed (cuneate) apex, slightly fleshy and channeled in cross-section, folded at the base, glaucous green. Both side are glabrous with fine parallel veins. The margin is entire.
Umbel, persistent, erect, loose, 10–25-flowered, ± hemispheric; subtended by two triangular bracts, acuminate, paper-like, 1-3 cm long. The flower stalks (pedicels) are unequal, 1-7 cm long.
Flowers ± erect, saucer-shaped, 7–12 mm; tepals spreading, broadly elliptic, ± equal, 7-14 mm, purple when in buds, becoming white, lobes are with a median crimson-purple line. The ovary is oblong, very shortly pointed.
Obovoid to trigonous capsules, 6-10 mm long.
Black, of various shapes, sculpture net-like.
Allium neapolitanum is a perennial plant. It reproduces by seeds and bulblets.
Southern Europe; Mediterranean region from Portugal to Israel.
-(AdventOI) Le Bourgeois, T., Carrara, A., Dodet, M., Dogley, W., Gaungoo, A., Grard, P., Ibrahim, Y., Jeuffrault, E., Lebreton, G., Poilecot, P., Prosperi, J., Randriamampianina, J.A., Andrianaivo A.P., and Théveny, F. (2008). Advent-OI: Principales adventices des îles du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien. Cirad. Montpellier, France, Cirad.
|False garlic||English||R.P.Randall, 2002|
|Daffodil garlic||English||R.P.Randall, 2002|
|Fragrant false garlic||English||Foxcroft, 2003|
|Naples onion||English||R.P.Randall, 2002|
|White garlic||English||R.P.Randall, 2002|
|Flowering onion||English||R.P.Randall, 2002|