- Common pigweed,
- Fat hen,
- Lamb's quaters,
- White goosefoot,
- Wild spinach,
Chenopodium album L.
Chenopodium - Cheno-goose, podium-little foot, refering to the leaves.
C. album is a pale green herb, erect, branched, strong-smelling. It has a deep taproot system.
Cotyledons are long 10 to 15 mm wide and 2 to 3 mm, fleshy, elliptic to elongated, shortly petiolate. Underside often reddish violet, upper surface green or silver mealy.
First leaves are more or less opposite decussate, then the following leaves alternate.The blade is long, oval on board and few teeth. The hair is floury, white,and abundant, often purple underneath. There are white waxy granules of new leaves.
This is an annual weed, branched, erect, and pale green with strong smell.
It has a deep tap root system.
The stem is erect, cylindrical to angular, full, usually branched, green stripes, often reddish. The stem is grooved.
Leaves are simple and alternate, oval to obovate or lanceolate shaped, rarely entire, attached to a long- stalked. It is twice as long as wide, 1.5 to 8 cm long and 3 cm wide. White flour on the lower surface, sometimes green on both surfaces.
Clusters attached to the leaf axils and at terminus of stems.
Flowers are aggregated into dense clusters (glomerules) in leaf axils and at terminus of stems and branches.
The fruits are not visible; they are entirely enclosed in the floral envelope.
Seed are horizontally flattened, lenticular, 0.7 to 1.5 mm in diameter. It is shiny, smooth, black, wrapped, still often included in the utricle.
This is an annual weed.
The plant is found from sea level to 3 600 m. It prefers light textured and well-drained soils but it is able to adapt to all inhabited areas of the world except in extreme desert climates. Frost tolerant weed.
Native to Europe.
It is a common and important weed in crops.
It can be controlled by cultivation at seedling stage.Pre- and post- emergence broadleaf weed herbicide is applicable as a control method for C. album.
-(AdventOI) Le Bourgeois, T., Carrara, A., Dodet, M., Dogley, W., Gaungoo, A., Grard, P., Ibrahim, Y., Jeuffrault, E., Lebreton, G., Poilecot, P., Prosperi, J., Randriamampianina, J.A., Andrianaivo A.P., and Théveny, F. (2008). Advent-OI: Principales adventices des îles du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien. Cirad. Montpellier, France, Cirad.
|Withondebossie||South Africa||Afrikaans||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Wild spinach||English||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Lamb's quaters||English||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Common pigweed||English||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Bloubossie||South Africa||Afrikaans||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Fat hen||English||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Varkbossie||South Africa||Afrikaans||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Seepbossie||South Africa||Afrikaans||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Serue||South Africa||Sotho||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|White goosefoot||English||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Umbikicane||South Africa||Zulu||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|
|Misbredie||South Africa||Afrikaans||Problem plants and alien weeds of South Africa|