Vernacular
  • Begraafplaasblom,
  • Bright eyes,
  • Chang chun hua,
  • Graveyard flower,
  • iKhwinini,
  • isiShushungu,
  • Madagascar perwinkle,
  • Periwinkle,
  • Pink periwinkle,
  • Rose periwinkle,
  • Vinca
Details
Eppo_code

CTURO

Family

Apocynaceae

Species

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don

Meaning_of_the_name

Catharanthus - katharos means peru, anthos - flower. roseus - rose.

Global_description

C. roseus is an erect, evergreen perennial herb. Usually grown up to 1m height. Leaves are glossy, borne on fairly rigid stems. Blade is globorous on both surfaces and carried by a medium stalk. Leave margin is entire. The five petaled flowers are typically rose pink or white, ~40 mm in diameters. The Inflorescences are terminal and flowers are tubular, with a slender corolla tube. It has a woody stem near the base, broken stem exudes a milky latex sap. Fruits are in pods containing black round seeds.

Similar_species
Cotyledons

Cotyledons are oval, oblong shaped, finely pubescent.

First_leaves

First leaves are opposite, simple and petiolate. Blade is fleshy, eliptic shape, glabruos and entire leave margin.

Habit

C. roseus is an erect, perennial herb, can grow up to 1 m height. Forms a beautiful ground cover.

Underground_system

Taproot system.

Stem

Stem is erect, angular to round shape and hairless.

Leaves

Leaves are simple, opposite, carried by short petiole. Blabe is obovate-elliptic, 4-5 cm by 2-3 cm with prominent lateral veins. Both leave surfaces are globrous, glossy. The leave base is round and apiculate apex. Leave margin is entire.

Inflorescence

Infloresences are corymb and terminal. Carried by a short, hairless stalk.

Flowers

Flowers are tubular, 5 sepals with a slender corolla tube. Flowers are pink or white in color.

Fruits

Fruits are green, long, pods, situated at the end of the branch.

Seeds

Seeds are round, black in colour.

Biology

Multiplies by seeds, but also can be rooted from cuttings taken in spring or summer. It will reseed itself if the soil is loose.

Ecology

It occurs in river bank, gardens, roadside and pump site. Prefers full sun or partial shade and does best in poor, well-drained soil. It is a drought resistant plant.

Origine

Native to Madagascar.

World_distribution
South_african_distribution
Knp_distribution

Distributed to the entire part of KNP.

Use

It is used as garden onarments and as traditional medicine to treat diabetes, rheumatism, wart, high blood pressure, asthma, constipation, menstrual problems, gonorrhoea and insect bites. It can can also be used to treat varoius form of cancer like leukemia, skin cancer, lymph cancer, breast cancer.

Global_weediness
South_african_weediness
Knp_weediness

It is an invasive weed with moderate ecological impact.

Global_control
Control_knp

It is controlled by hand pulling and cultivation.

References

Foxcroft, L.C., Henderson, L., Nichols, G.R., Martin, B.W. A revised list of alien plants for the Kruger National Park.Koedoe. Pooley, E., A Field Guide to Wild Flowers Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Region. Published by The flora publications Trust c/o Natal Herbarium botanic Gardens Road, Durban 4001.

Web_links

http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=162430

Vernacular Country Language Source
Graveyard flower English Foxcroft, 2003
Madagascar perwinkle English ITIS
Periwinkle English
isiShushungu South Africa Zulu
Chang chun hua Pinyin Tropicos
Rose periwinkle English Tropicos
Vinca English R.P.Randle, 2002
Pink periwinkle English R.P.Randle, 2002
Bright eyes English Tropicos
Begraafplaasblom South Africa Afrikaans
iKhwinini South Africa Zulu
Map