- Bright eyes,
- Chang chun hua,
- Graveyard flower,
- Madagascar perwinkle,
- Pink periwinkle,
- Rose periwinkle,
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don
Catharanthus - katharos means peru, anthos - flower. roseus - rose.
C. roseus is an erect, evergreen perennial herb. Usually grown up to 1m height. Leaves are glossy, borne on fairly rigid stems. Blade is globorous on both surfaces and carried by a medium stalk. Leave margin is entire. The five petaled flowers are typically rose pink or white, ~40 mm in diameters. The Inflorescences are terminal and flowers are tubular, with a slender corolla tube. It has a woody stem near the base, broken stem exudes a milky latex sap. Fruits are in pods containing black round seeds.
Cotyledons are oval, oblong shaped, finely pubescent.
First leaves are opposite, simple and petiolate. Blade is fleshy, eliptic shape, glabruos and entire leave margin.
C. roseus is an erect, perennial herb, can grow up to 1 m height. Forms a beautiful ground cover.
Stem is erect, angular to round shape and hairless.
Leaves are simple, opposite, carried by short petiole. Blabe is obovate-elliptic, 4-5 cm by 2-3 cm with prominent lateral veins. Both leave surfaces are globrous, glossy. The leave base is round and apiculate apex. Leave margin is entire.
Infloresences are corymb and terminal. Carried by a short, hairless stalk.
Flowers are tubular, 5 sepals with a slender corolla tube. Flowers are pink or white in color.
Fruits are green, long, pods, situated at the end of the branch.
Seeds are round, black in colour.
Multiplies by seeds, but also can be rooted from cuttings taken in spring or summer. It will reseed itself if the soil is loose.
It occurs in river bank, gardens, roadside and pump site. Prefers full sun or partial shade and does best in poor, well-drained soil. It is a drought resistant plant.
Native to Madagascar.
Distributed to the entire part of KNP.
It is used as garden onarments and as traditional medicine to treat diabetes, rheumatism, wart, high blood pressure, asthma, constipation, menstrual problems, gonorrhoea and insect bites. It can can also be used to treat varoius form of cancer like leukemia, skin cancer, lymph cancer, breast cancer.
It is an invasive weed with moderate ecological impact.
It is controlled by hand pulling and cultivation.
Foxcroft, L.C., Henderson, L., Nichols, G.R., Martin, B.W. A revised list of alien plants for the Kruger National Park.Koedoe. Pooley, E., A Field Guide to Wild Flowers Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Region. Published by The flora publications Trust c/o Natal Herbarium botanic Gardens Road, Durban 4001.
|Graveyard flower||English||Foxcroft, 2003|
|Chang chun hua||Pinyin||Tropicos|
|Pink periwinkle||English||R.P.Randle, 2002|