Mangifera indica L.
indica - of India
M. indica is a medium, upright, evergreen tree that grows up to 30 m height. Leaves are glossy, evergreen, prominent lateral veins. Woody stem covered by dark grey fissured bark. Broad, rounded canopy and deep rooted.
Cotyledons are simple, opposite, and hairless. The blade is oblong, fleshy and carried by a short petiole.
M. indica is an evergreen perennial tree. It grows upright up to 30 m high with a broad crown.
Deep taproot system, descends to a depth of 6 m with a wide spread of feeder roots.
Stem is cilindrical, woody, and covered in fissured bark.
Leaves are opposite, simple, and petiolate. Blade narrow to elliptic, globrous, apex acuminate, base attenuate. The main lateral vein is raised on the upper surface of the leaf.
Infloresence is terminal, long panicles with male and female flowers in the same inflorescence.It is a showy, erect, pyramidal, branched cluster of flowers.
Flowers are small and yellowish or reddish in colour. It flowers in winter and spring. Flowers have a sweet odor.
The fruit is juicy and fleshy, contain a single seed. The fruits are nearly round, oval, ovoid-oblong, or kidney-shaped.
Seed is oval or flattened, kidney-shaped pale yellowish-white. It is protected by a hairy cover clinged to the fruit.
Multiplies by seed. Seeds are dispersed by human and animals.
It occurs in gardens, villages and plantation. It prefers rich, well drained soils, hot climates and dry conditions.
Native to South Asia.
Distributed in the drier tropical regions.
Distributed in the eastern parts of South Africa.
It is cultivated for cormmecial purposes. It makes a beautiful garden subject, the fruits are edible to human and animals.
It is an alien tree with commercial value.
Low ecological impact.
It is controlled by post emergent herbicides such as Chopper and Garlon.
Foxcroft, L.C., Henderson, L., Nichols, G.R., Martin, B.W. A revised list of alien plants for the Kruger National Park. Koedoe.