Vernacular
  • Mango
Details
Eppo_code

MNGIN

Family

Anacardiaceae

Species

Mangifera indica L.

Meaning_of_the_name

indica - of India

Global_description

M. indica is a medium, upright, evergreen tree that grows up to 30 m height. Leaves are glossy, evergreen, prominent lateral veins. Woody stem covered by dark grey fissured bark. Broad, rounded canopy and deep rooted.

Similar_species
Cotyledons

Cotyledons are simple, opposite, and hairless. The blade is oblong, fleshy and carried by a short petiole.

First_leaves
Habit

M. indica is an evergreen perennial tree. It grows upright up to 30 m high with a broad crown.

Underground_system

Deep taproot system, descends to a depth of 6 m with a wide spread of feeder roots.

Stem

Stem is cilindrical, woody, and covered in fissured bark.

Leaves

Leaves are opposite, simple, and petiolate. Blade narrow to elliptic, globrous, apex acuminate, base attenuate. The main lateral vein is raised on the upper surface of the leaf.

Inflorescence

Infloresence is terminal, long panicles with male and female flowers in the same inflorescence.It is a showy, erect, pyramidal, branched cluster of flowers.

Flowers

Flowers are small and yellowish or reddish in colour. It flowers in winter and spring. Flowers have a sweet odor.

Fruits

The fruit is juicy and fleshy, contain a single seed. The fruits are nearly round, oval, ovoid-oblong, or kidney-shaped.

Seeds

Seed is oval or flattened, kidney-shaped pale yellowish-white. It is protected by a hairy cover clinged to the fruit.

Biology

Multiplies by seed. Seeds are dispersed by human and animals.

Ecology

It occurs in gardens, villages and plantation. It prefers rich, well drained soils, hot climates and dry conditions.

Origine

Native to South Asia.

World_distribution

Distributed in the drier tropical regions.

South_african_distribution

Distributed in the eastern parts of South Africa.

Knp_distribution
Use

It is cultivated for cormmecial purposes. It makes a beautiful garden subject, the fruits are edible to human and animals.

Global_weediness
South_african_weediness

It is an alien tree with commercial value.

Knp_weediness

Low ecological impact.

Global_control
Control_knp

It is controlled by post emergent herbicides such as Chopper and Garlon.

References

Foxcroft, L.C., Henderson, L., Nichols, G.R., Martin, B.W. A revised list of alien plants for the Kruger National Park. Koedoe.

Web_links

http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136500

Vernacular Country Language Source
Mango English R.P.Randall, 2002
Map