Vernacular
  • Adelfa amarilla,
  • Chilidron,
  • Geel oleander,
  • Huang hua zhu tao,
  • Lucky nut,
  • Oléandre jaune,
  • Snake nut,
  • Thevetie,
  • Yellow be still tree,
  • Yellow oleander
Details
Eppo_code

THVPE

Family

Apocynaceae

Species

Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum.

Meaning_of_the_name

peruviana - Peruvian.

Global_description

T. diversifolia is a small tree, grows up to 7 m height. The canopy is round and clustered. Leaves are simple, alternate and sessile arranged. Stem is erect, covered with lighy griyish barks. Deep taproot system. Flowers are terminal, funnel shaped, yellow in colour. Fruit is woody and rhomboid drupe.

Similar_species
Cotyledons
First_leaves
Habit

T. peruviana is a perennial shrub, evergreen. Flowering throughout the year. Broken twigs produce white milk sap.

Underground_system
Stem

Stem is cylindrical, woody and light greyish.

Leaves

Leaves are simple, alternate and evergreen. It is carried by a short petiole. Blade is linear, apex is acute and base is attenuate. It is glossy, covered with wax, dark green. Central vein is prominent, leave margin is revolute.

Inflorescence

The inflorescence are terminal with funnel-shaped flowers. generally yellow colour, less frequently white and peach, with a diameter of about 5-7 cm, slightly perfumed.

Flowers

Flower are generally yellow colour, 5-7 cm diameters, slightly perfumed.

Fruits

The fruit is a woody and rhomboid drupe, broad about 4 cm, of a green colour, tending to the black with black when ripe.

Seeds

Seeds are enticular.

Biology

T. peruviana reproduces by seed and by cuttings. Seeds are disperdes by seeds.

Ecology

Ocuurs in riverine, roadsides and village.

Origine

Native to tropics of Central and South Amareica.

World_distribution
South_african_distribution

Distributed to the north east of South Africa.

Knp_distribution
Use

It is used as an ornamental plant in gardens.

Global_weediness
South_african_weediness

It is a category 1b weed, has potential to replace indigenous plants.

Knp_weediness

It is an ivasive weed with low ecological impact.

Global_control
Control_knp

Can be controlled by chemical, apply chemical on the stem or cut stumps. Remove the entire plant.

References

(Problem plants of South Africa) Bromilow, C. (2001), Published by Briza Plublications CC
(A revised list of alien plants for the Kruger National Park.Koedoe) Foxcroft, L.C., Henderson, L., Nichols, G.R., Martin, B.W.

Web_links

http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=162430

Vernacular Country Language Source
Huang hua zhu tao Pinyin Tropicos
Oléandre jaune French R.P.Randall, 2002
Yellow be still tree English R.P.Randall, 2002
Geel oleander English R.P.Randall, 2002
Snake nut English R.P.Randall, 2002
Yellow oleander English R.P.Randall, 2002
Lucky nut English ITIS
Chilidron Spanish Tropicos
Thevetie French R.P.Randall, 2002
Adelfa amarilla Spanish R.P.Randall, 2002
Map